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Cycle of Pigmentation

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Cycle of pigmentation (how does it happen?)

Stage 1- Before sun exposure: Melanocytes are located in the bottom layer of the epidermis.
Stage 2During sun exposure/ hormonal changes/ trauma such as acne etc: Melanocytes are activated by an enzyme called tyrosinase.
Stage 3- Right after the trauma: The enzyme tyrosinase starts its work to produce melanin.
Stage 4- During melanin synthesis: Tyrosinase goes on a rage to produce more melanin.
Stage 5- After melanin synthesis: Melanin spreads itself through the area to protect the skin from the trauma.

The cycle of pigmentation (what happens?)

Stage 1- Before sun exposure

Stage 2- During sun exposure/ hormonal changes/ trauma such as acne etc: UV light/ hormonal changes cause internal change to trigger the melanin synthesis.
Stage 3Right after the trauma: Slight inflammation, redness, or burning.
Stage 4- During melanin synthesis: occurrence of the early signs of tanning, dark marks, etc
Stage 5- After melanin synthesis: Spread to become stubborn melasma, acne marks, freckles etc

☀️ Melanin is a good pigment to protect the skin from trauma but results un uneven dark spots & tanning on the skin.

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